Seeds grow into seedlings, which then develop into healthy plants. Plant growth is ensured by strong and healthy seedlings. Several factors, however, can cause a seedling to grow slowly and weakly.
Contributing to the slow growth of seedlings is a lack of essential nutrients, not enough light, poor soil structure, hot compost, insufficient water, aphids and insects, fungal infections, and, if not planted separately, competition from other seedlings.
The great news is, you can avoid or counteract all of the above by applying specific strategies as contained in this article.
One of the causes of delayed growth is neglecting your seedlings. Your seedlings will lack all of the critical components for optimal development if you neglect them.
It would be best if you eliminated inferior plants/weeds from the same plant pot as your seedlings as soon as you notice them. Weeds and undesirable plants rob the earth of nutrients, leaving your seedlings suffocating and thirsty.
Your Seedlings may be growing slowly because of the following reasons:
1. Lack of Essential Nutrients
After germination, most seedlings stall a few days or even weeks later. This is due to a deficiency of nutrients in their structure. Seedlings can manufacture their nourishment and develop strong thanks to the altered levels of nutrients available in fertilizers.
If a seedling has suddenly stopped growing or is growing slowly, it should be provided with enough nitrogen. Plant root problems, such as a lack of oxygen, can also cause seedlings to mature slowly.
To grow quickly, maturing roots require phosphorus, sulfur, and other vital nutrients.
The seedling’s growth is aided by sufficient phosphorus nutrients in the soil. Chlorophyll contains a lot of nitrogen.
Also, note whether the young leaves are turning yellow or pale green. This is an indicator that the seedlings are slowly dying and require immediate attention.
2. Lack of Enough Light
Light is one of the most important things to consider during seedling development. When a seedling is deprived of light, it not only grows slowly but also becomes straggly and leggy.
On the other hand, plants convert light energy into chemical energy and energy-rich organic substances through photosynthesis.
When a plant receives adequate light energy and water, photosynthesis takes place. To photosynthesize effectively, plants require warmth and sufficient light. The soil must also be warm enough to allow seedlings to grow more quickly and safely.
If your seedlings are not developing as quickly as they should, check to determine if the light source is adequate. To guarantee that the seedlings receive enough light, you should use an alternative artificial lighting source.
3. Poor Soil Structure
The structure of the soil is essential in determining root growth. Good soil drains well and has loose particles that allow roots to breathe. It should also include organic matter.
If your seedlings aren’t growing quickly or correctly, it is either because the soil structure is not dry enough or because it’s crumbly.
Seedlings develop well in loosely packed soils. However, that doesn’t mean seedlings planted in clay soil will grow slower than seedlings put in loam soil.
The plant species you have in your garden have a significant effect. Some seedlings thrive in loam soil, while others thrive in sand or clay.
4. Hot Compost
If you are going to place your seedlings in compost, make sure the compost is cool enough to encourage seedling growth. Because of the millions of microorganisms that break down the organic waste, composts are frequently heated.
Allow enough time for a compost pile to cool before sowing any seeds. If you place your seeds in hot compost, they will take longer to germinate. The seedlings will also struggle to reach their full height.
5. Lack of Water
Water, like nutrition, is an essential component that helps plants grow more quickly. Seedlings in the process of maturing require both water and sunlight.
Water is crucial because it allows seedlings to move all essential nutrients, such as sugar, from the roots to the stem and then to the leaves.
Seedling cells become dry and damaged if there is not enough water, and when the cells are damaged, the seedling matures slowly and parts may die.
Water your seedlings as often as possible (daily if possible), but not excessively. Before watering the seedlings again, the soil should be still moist and not thoroughly dried out.
6. Aphids and Insect Attack
Aphids and other hazardous insect larvae are common enemies of seedlings, young plants, and adult plants alike. When aphids attack a seedling, it suffers from suffocation and either has a sluggish maturity rate or dies.
When you see an aphid and bug attack on your seedlings, it is easy to overlook them, which might result in seedling harm.
Aphids attack plants and seedlings in the following ways: By draining water and juice from the plant’s structure, these microscopic sap-sucking insects cause severe damage to plants and seedlings.
Aphid-infested seedlings grow at a much slower rate than the others. Most seedlings will die within the first few weeks if aphids have bitten them – this is the worst-case scenario.
7. Fungal Infection
Different forms of fungus and fungal diseases can stifle the growth of plants. Seedlings have a more fragile growth pattern and are more susceptible to fungal infection than older plants.
In this case, root fungus can cause delayed development in most seedlings. Yellowing of leaves and branch damage is caused by several forms of fungal infections.
You should identify the type of fungus that poses a hazard to your seedlings based on the seedlings you intend to grow.
A few common fungi and fungus diseases that harm seedlings are listed below:
Black spot – fungus wreaks havoc on rose flower leaves, reducing plant vitality.
Powdery mildew – is a fungus that infects nearly all plants. Powdery mildew weakens established plants and stunts the growth of fresh seedlings.
Blight – Tomatoes and potatoes are typically affected by blight disease. Blight-affected seedlings mature slowly and suffer for the rest of their lives.
Wilt — A wilted seedling seems droopy and unsteady. Underwatering your seedlings or a fungal infection might cause wilting.
Rust – Another prevalent issue that harms most seedlings is rust. Rust can damage seedlings and adult plants to stop growing.
Clubroot – is a fungal infection that affects Brassicaceae plants such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbages, radishes, stocks, turnips, wallflowers, and other Brassicaceae plants (Cruciferae).
It’s challenging to detect clubroot in seedlings. If your seedlings are attacked by the clubroot, they will grow slowly and may even die prematurely.
Anthracnose – is a fungal infection that damages seedlings and young plants during the cool and wet seasons.
Infected seedlings will grow slowly, and dark, water-soaked sores on the leaves or stem will be visible.
8. Competition from Other Seedlings
Seedlings will strive for survival against each other of the same or different species. This is entirely normal. If you find that one or more seedlings are growing slower than the others, it could be due to competition from other seedlings.
When seedlings are placed in the same seedbed, competition is inevitable.
Farmers do not sow seedlings individually, as is the case nowadays. As a result, some of these seedlings will be deprived of essential nutrients and may mature slowly.
Ensure that all seedlings are planted separately and that they are all monitored equally.
You should also be aware that not all seedlings mature at the same time. Each seed has its own set of requirements. Some seedlings will grow faster than others when planted together.
This article helped us answer the question, ‘why are my seedlings growing so slow?’
If you intend to plant your seedlings in a densely squeezed location, problems and challenges are inevitable. The eight principles outlined above should provide you with insight into how to care for your seedlings properly.
* Jenny’s so right – when I had my gardening business, I learned early on (to my cost) that you don’t crowd seedlings. It’s really best to plant each one individually – the results do pay off in the end.
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