How Long Do Chili Plants Live? (With Comparison Table)

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The variety and climate determine the age of chili plants. There are around 28 wild Capsicum varieties. The plant can reach various ages depending on the type of chili:

Chile Plants have varied lifespans depending on their type of chile pepper. We know the average lifespans of five different chile plants: Capsicums Annuum, Baccatum, Chinense, Frutescens, and Pubescens. See the table below for more information.

The Various Lifespans Of Five Different Types Of Chili Plants

Chilies were first farmed for yield when agriculture was first introduced to Central America more than 6,000 years ago. So far, five types of chiles have been developed as an outcome of this study.

Type of CapsicumLifespan
Capsicum Annuum 1.5 - 3 years
Capsicum Baccatum 4 - 6 years
Capsicum Chinense3 - 5 years
Capsicum Frutescens 3 - 8 years
Capsicum Pubescens 5 - 10 years

Chili Plants: How Long Do They Live Indoors?

Indoor chili plants can survive for up to a decade, depending on the type.

Growing chili plants from seed indoors might offer them a higher chance of thriving than transplanted seedlings from the outdoors.

You should be able to maintain your indoor chili plants alive for several seasons if the environment is steady and the maintenance is acceptable.

Chili Plants: How Long Do They Live Outside?

Chili plants’ length is mainly determined by the weather and climate in which they are cultivated when planted outside.

Your chili plant will only last one season if you live somewhere cold until the first frost.

Outdoor chili plants will not survive winter. They must be brought inside during the winter season – that is, if you live anywhere where the temperature drops below freezing.

Chili plants may live for several years outside in a warmer environment.

Many chili plants are tropical or subtropical in nature, and they require warm temperatures to thrive.

Plants that are hardier (such as Capsicum Pubescens peppers) can withstand temperatures above freezing. Outdoor chili plants may endure several years in warmer tropical areas with adequate maintenance and excellent weather.

Capsicums in General

Chilies, and peppers all have the scientific name Capsicum. Chilies may live anywhere from 1.5 to 15 years, depending on the species.

Chilitepin is a tiny perennial shrub that grows in the wild. This wild cultivar may survive without frost for 35 to 50 years in the Texas, Arizona, and Florida regions.

This might make the supposed ancestor of the Capsicum Annuum the world’s oldest chili plant in two senses.

Capsicum Annuum

These peppers have the shortest lifespan and are best cultivated annually.

Although “annuum” means “annual,” these plants can be perpetual if grown in tropical climes.

Bell peppers, sweet/Italian peppers, Serrano, Cayenne, Paprika, Hatch Chile Peppers, ornamental peppers like the lovely NuMex Twilight, and Jalapenos are among them.

Also, although “annuum” literally means one year, this isn’t the case here. If a chili dies from frost in the winter, it can be grown as an annual.

Capsicum Annuum chili plants, on the other hand, frequently yield fruit the following year if they are sheltered from frost.

This kind may readily reach the age of 18 months before producing according to experience. It could even take 2 to 3 years before they yield a good harvest.

Annual chile types, in our experience, generate a lot of fruit in the first season. The pepper plant typically dies after the chilies have matured in the second season.

Capsicum Chinense

Chinense does not imply from China, which is incorrect. Also, Capsicum Chinense is an American native. It spread over South America from the Amazon basin.

Chili seeds arrived in Europe and then China after the discovery of America. The chile was produced in such large quantities in Asia, indicating that it had also originated there.

Habaneros, Scotch Bonnets, Trinidad Scorpions, Bhut Jolokia Ghost Peppers, Carolina Reaper, and the new Dragon’s Breath Pepper are among the world’s hottest peppers.

Some pepper gardeners in colder climates put their extra hot pepper plants indoors to overwinter them, giving them a big head start on the next season.

Plants of the Capsicum Chinense chili grow slowly. If you want a good yield in the first year, you must begin early cultivating.

The hot representatives of Capsicum Chinense include Habaneros and Jolokia. Between 3 and 5 years, you should expect a good crop.

Capsicum Baccatum

Baccatum plants may grow up to 4 meters tall with their chilies. In most cases, roughly two meters.

Their cultivars are commonly referred to as “Aji” and mature between 4 and 6.

Capsicum Frutescens

These wild chili pepper plants are bushy and dense. Countless spicy chilies grow on the one to four-meter high shrubs.

Some gardeners claim to have been wintering Tabasco plants for the past eight years.

However, we must warn you that numerous plants in this particular chili pepper family produce toxins in their leaves.

Did you know that your skin will blister if the sap of this plant touches it? Therefore, when handling this wild one, make sure you wear gloves, long sleeves, and a face mask.

Don’t let this stop you from growing these Tabasco peppers!

Capsicum Pubescens

For chilies, Pubenscen’s plants get old. The hairy plant may grow up to eight meters in length. It is thought to be tough to cultivate. The climate in Germany, on the other hand, is ideal.

Most Capsicum Pubescens plants grow roughly 2 meters tall and have a similar growth pattern as vineyards for wine. The first season sees the formation of woody branches.

The longest-lived chili pepper plants are Rocoto and Manzano.

Purple flowers, black seeds, and fuzzy darker green leaves distinguish their multi-stemmed woody vining plants.

Rocotos prefer high day/night temperature variations and thrive in the Andes. They can also withstand light frost.

Final Thoughts

Chili Peppers spice up our lives in delicious culinary delights. They are also used in pharmaceuticals for their healing properties.

So, although some of them can kill or damage you (depending on how you use them), overall, they’re great to eat and heralded for their therapeutic content – win-win!

We’ll say yes to a good chili any day.

Jenny Marie
Tribal Writer

Edited By
Patricia Godwin

 

Patricia Godwin

Patricia has many years of experience as a content writer on various subjects, but her first love is gardening. She’s never met a plant she didn’t like and, consequently, she writes about every type of plant you can think of. Once an avid gardener with a herb garden, a succulent rockery, and a rose garden – to mention a few. Nowadays, she’s constantly on the move searching for interesting plants to bring to your attention; and explain to you all the details you need to grow, care and maintain these plants.

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