Lemon trees mature faster than other citrus trees. They start bearing fruit a few years after planting and the growth stages of a lemon tree are based on its development and fruiting and that cycle is repeated every year.
The seven stages of growth of a Lemon Tree are: The Germination Process, Young Seedling Phase, Mature Lemon Tree, Flowering, Fruiting, Harvesting and Drying. We should also mention the prolonged patience needed between planting and flowering – don’t hold your breath – it takes several years!
Growth Stages of a Lemon Tree
It is important to know the growth stages of a lemon tree because it can take some time before it produces a lot of fruits.
The growth stages of a lemon tree are a series of processes from seeding up to the time when it starts to produce fruits and flowers (biological age).
The growth stages of a lemon tree follow a distinct pattern, although they tend to blend or overlap because of the extended flowering period, as well as its long flowering-to-harvest time.
Stage 1: The Germination Process
The growth stages of your lemon tree start with the germination of the seeds. This is the time the seeds will grow some roots and tiny green leafy leaves.
Stage 2: Young Seedling
This is the seedling phase. Your lemon tree is still a small plant with some sprouted roots and a few leaves. The stem of your plant is still very soft. Animals and strong winds can easily break the young stems.
Animals can also destroy the young leaves. Protect the stems and leaves of your young plant.
Water your young plant regularly and more when it is too hot. It will also help if you cultivate the soil around the seedling and apply the pre-fertilizer application.
This will allow your seedling to grow well and survive when transplanted to its permanent location. The best permanent location for your lemon tree seedling is one with full sun.
Stage 3: Mature Lemon Tree
In this stage, your lemon tree is already a mature plant. It has stronger stems and more hard leafy leaves.
You will have the best lemon tree when it gets enough sunlight, water, and fertilizer. At this stage, you need to keep your lemon tree healthier for it to bear fruits.
Your lemon tree will need continuous watering and enough fertilizer so it will bear more flowers, and therefore, more fruits.
Stage 4: Flowering
This is the stage where your lemon tree will start to bloom flowers. Your lemon tree should be about 2 to 5 years old at this stage and white smooth flowers will begin to appear.
You will need water more and apply more fertilizer to your lemon tree. Water regularly but avoid overwatering. While it is not usual to water trees, water is essential, so water just enough. Use organic fertilizer, too.
Watch out for pests that may attack your lemon tree, such as worms.
Stage 5: Fruiting
This is the stage when your lemon tree will produce some fruits for the first time from its flowers.
The lemon fruits will be green when young. It will then become dark green and yellow when it is ripe. The lemon fruit will be oblong and will have smooth skin. Your lemon tree should be about 2-5 years old when it starts to bear fruits.
It is at this stage that your lemon tree will need more care.
Stage 6: Harvesting
This is the stage where the lemon tree is mature, and the lemon fruits are ready for harvesting. The lemon fruit is green to yellowish and has smooth skin.
Stage 7: Drying Stage
This is the stage when the lemon tree fruits will turn brown and begin to dry. The lemon fruit will fall and decay. Your lemon tree will, however, continue to bear fruits sooner.
After a few years, your lemon tree will also decay. You will then need to prepare some lemon tree seeds and grow a new tree. By this time, you will have many seeds and fruits which you can use to plant your new tree.
Lemon Fruit-Producing Conditions
To ensure top-quality growth of flowers and production of fruits, your lemon tree requires certain growing conditions.
The tree should be grown far away from structures and other trees that can shade the tree and therefore lower blooming and fruiting.
The lemon tree prefers well-drained soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5 pH.
The newly planted tree needs to be watered every other day. Water the plant twice weekly when the roots are establishing themselves. Established trees only need occasional watering when conditions are dry during flowering or fruiting.
The tree does not also need watering during the rainy season. Truth is, too much watering can hinder the growth and development of the tree.
Avoid splashing water on the leaves, flowers, or fruits, especially during humid conditions. This may cause your tree to develop diseases.
Lemon trees are heavy feeders. They need to be frequently applied with fertilizer so they can grow the best growth and production of flowers and fruits.
Apply a quarter of a pound of fertilizer (6-6-6 blend) every 2 to 3 months. As the tree matures, increase the amount of fertilizer by a quarter of a pound every year.
As your lemon tree reaches maturity (about after 5 years), apply 3 to 4 pounds of fertilizer 2 to 3 times a year.
With the right growing conditions and care, your lemon tree will grow healthy and quickly achieve a mature height of up to 20 feet and a spread similar to the height of the tree.
Your lemon tree will mature into a round, open canopy. The tree will be covered in evergreen oval green leaves. The leaves have a reddish tint when still young. As the foliage matures, it turns into deep green.
You can smell the sweet citrus scent of the flowers of your lemon tree even before you realize the tree is in bloom.
Your lemon tree will have single blooms or small clusters of little white flowers with about 4 to 5 petals with purple undersides.
The flowers of your lemon tree will bloom from early winter until early spring. The blooms will appear again in early summer through late autumn.
How to Plant Lemon Seeds
Your lemon tree starts from a seed. The seed is small, oblong with pointed tips on one side and round on the other side. The seed has a smooth texture and is white to yellow green.
Young lemon seeds do not germinate very well, only mature seeds do. So, you must choose a fully matured seed to ensure the best germination.
A single lemon fruit contains about 7 to 15 seeds. Choose the high-quality seeds to plant to ensure the fruit will ripen.
You can distinguish the mature seeds from the young ones because they will turn green and will ripen to produce top-quality seeds.
What you need to Plant Lemon Seeds:
- Organic Lemon
- Fertile Potting Soil
- Compost (natural fertilizer)
- Seedling Pot (24 inches wide X 12 inches deep)
- Planting Pot (6 inches wide X 6 inches deep)
What you need to do to Plant Lemon Seeds:
1. Moisten your potting soil to keep it damp, but not soaked.
2. Fill your small pot with soil 1 inch below the rim.
3. Remove the seed from your lemon.
4. Plant the seed about ½ inch deep in the middle of the pot.
5. Spray the soil with water (directly above where you planted the seed).
6. Seal the pot with a plastic cover.
7. Poke some holes in the plastic cover.
8. Place the pot in a warm and sunny place.
Water your plant occasionally and moderately. Transfer your plant to the bigger pot when it outgrows the smaller one.
A lemon tree (Citrus limon) grows on USDA hardiness zones 9 -11. Such a tree can be a beautiful feature in your garden and the citrus scent it emits can enhance the whole surroundings.
Even better is the lemon tree fruit you can use in your cocktails and cooking.
Final Thoughts on the Growth Stages of a Lemon Tree
The growth stages of a lemon tree take between 3 to 6 years from seedling to maturity. It will start bearing fruits when it is at least 5 years old.
However, it only takes a few months for a small lemon tree to grow. It will look beautiful in a pot anywhere in your home.
Can you imagine that, and a wonderful citrus scent wafting through your home on the breeze…? Tempting!
Do you love Lemon? Read more about 21 Lemon Leaf Benefits, Plus 9 Culinary Applications!